Saturday, July 18, 2020
Time Management Tips for Adults With ADHD ADHD Adult ADD/ADHD Print Time Management Tips for Adults With ADHD Time management is tough for most adults with ADHD By Keath Low Keath Low, MA, is a therapist and clinical scientist with the Carolina Institute for Developmental Disabilities at the University of North Carolina. She specializes in treatment of ADD/ADHD. Learn about our editorial policy Keath Low Updated on February 13, 2020 ADHD Overview Symptoms Causes Diagnosis Treatment Living With In Children caiaimage / Getty Images Iâm running late.Iâll be there in just a little while.I am so sorry Im late. How many times have you said these words? It feels terrible to be lateâ"to work, to your doctors appointment, to your meeting, to meet a friend, getting the kids to school, and even worse, picking the kids up from school. How can you stop this cycle? How can you improve your time management? ADHD coach Kay Grossman, M.A. explains that effective time management requires two skills that people with ADHD often naturally lack, but can learnâ"planning and marking the passing of time. According to Grossman, the best prescription for being on time includes: planning ahead on a daily basisemploying strategies that use the individualâs preferences and personal styleusing external cues to indicate elapsed time Grossman provides a few no-fail solutions for addressing specific time-management dilemmas. Challenge: Planning Too Many Activities How many times have you committed yourself to too much? Grossman says that this over-scheduling occurs quite often. Sometimes we become too gung-ho or unrealistic about the number of things we can get done in a given period. Other times, we may have difficulty saying ânoâ to requests others make of us. Unfortunately, over-committing and over-planning simply sets us up for frustration. Solutions: Choose a planner that works for you, considering size, technology, ease of use, portability, color, and feel.Mark out times for known, set, key events such as work times, meal times, carpools, and standing appointments.Keep note of items that you should do versus items that you want to do. You may want to tackle your disorganized filing cabinet, but you should first tackle an assignment thats due tomorrow.Create a to-do list and then choose no more than three to five high priority items to complete on a given day, marking them with an asterisk or color-coding system. Write those items in your planner in the gaps of time available.Think âsubtractâ or âswapâ when you add an item to your daily plan. Keep in mind the finite number of minutes in a day and the fact that you are only one person. If you have the means, consider delegating some tasks to others, like sending dirty clothes to the laundromat rather than doing the laundry yourself.If a big project overwhelms you, consider breaking it down into multiple mini-projects, with a deadline for each. Challenge: Having What You Need to Get Out the Door on Time Its time to go, but your necessary items are scattered all around the house. Where are those car keys? Where are my glasses? Solutions: Establish holding places near the door for keys, wallets, backpacks, and purses. Make it a habit of placing those items in the special place any time you walk in the door.Put any items you need to take with you in the morning in the designated holding place or on the floor next to the door. Encourage all family members to do the same. Challenge: Having Too Much to Do in the Morning You canât decide what to wear. Your shirt is wrinkled, so you have to iron it. You finally decide what to wear, but now one of your shoes is missing from the closet. Solutions: Reduce morning stress by preparing the evening before. Gather all items for your morning outfit, including shoes and accessories, before you go to bed.Establish and post a list of the morning routine. Do only those items. Do not squeeze in anything else. Challenge: A Lack of Internal Cues That Help You Judge the Passing of Time How many times have you been engrossed in an activity on the computer and lost track of time? This happens to people with ADHD quite frequently. We get involved in an interesting activity, completely lose our sense of time and as a result, we miss an important meeting or picking the kids up from school on time. Solutions: Strategically set timers to ring or vibrate as a convenient external cue of elapsed time. You may even use a combination of a vibrating watch alarm set as a warning signal and a freestanding timer set 15 minutes later as a reminder to get off the computer in a timely manner.Set a cell phone or watch alarm to vibrate every 10 or 15 minutes. When the alarm goes off, use that as a cue to orient yourself in time. Ask yourself if you are doing whatâs most important at this moment and if you are where you need to be. Challenge: Estimating How Long Specific Tasks Take Grossman notes that with a fluid ADHD-style time sense, it is difficult to know if thereâs enough time to finish a report the morning before the big meeting, to take one last phone call before leaving to drop off the children at soccer practice, or to make âjust one stopâ en route to the doctorâs office in time for the appointment. Solutions: Double or even triple the amount of time you think it will take to do something and then plan accordingly.Make a rule for yourself that you will simply not do that âone last thingâ before leaving the house for an appointment or en route to a destination. Set and stick to your deadlines and to-do list.Hone your time sense by practicing. Start by estimating how long tasks will take. Write your estimates in your planner next to the item and keep track of the actual time spent. Look for patterns. Do you usually underestimate how long it takes to drive places? Do you tend to overestimate how long it will take you to complete your expense report? With a vigilant practice of guessing and recording the actual elapsed time, the gap between your estimated and actual time will narrow. Youâll feel more in control and will arrive places consistently on time.Determine how much time it truly takes you to get ready to leave the house in the morning, accounting for everything that must be done. Challenge: Failure to Account for Time Eaters What are time eaters? Grossman explains that time eaters are the seemingly trivial, peripheral activities that accompany most actions we take, eating into our time without our awareness. They include traffic snarls, searching for parking spots, walking from parking lots into buildings, elevator delays, finding the right office, and the need to run back to the car for a forgotten item. Time eaters also show up at our workplace, interfering with on-task effectiveness. They include phone calls, audible e-mail alerts, and stoppers-by. Solutions: Build in plenty of time to account for time eaters. Double or triple the amount of buffer time you normally allow for traveling to a destination.To optimize timely task completion, choose a chunk of time when youâll turn off the phone ringer and your e-mail alerts, and hang a sign on your closed door requesting no interruptions. Challenge: A Desire to Avoid Being Early, Which Results in Being Late Grossman notes that some people simply donât like to arrive places early. They may dread the discomfort or tedium of waiting for a meeting or appointment to start. Solutions: Pack a guilty pleasures tote bag and keep it in your car to use just in case you arrive somewhere early. Guity pleasure items are those you enjoy but often deny yourself due to a perceived lack of time. They might include magazines, novels, catalogs, or crossword and sudoku puzzles. A variation on this theme is a found time tote bag, which might include projects without a set deadline, such as thank-you cards (along with pens and envelopes). You may even find yourself aiming to arrive early so you can reward yourself with your âindulgentâ activity.Use the wait as necessary downtime in your day. Try a simple meditation technique of focusing on your breath, or simply remind yourself that a few minutes of daily downtime is required for recharging your brain, making it a productive use of your time.Take advantage of this time by accomplishing those things youre unlikely to schedule such as cleaning out your wallet or purse, balancing your checkbook, or tweaking your to-do list. The next time you find yourself running late, review Grossmanâs list. Find your âchallengeâ and try each of the suggested solutions. You may find yourself arriving places on time (maybe even early!) and feel much more relaxed and happy.
Thursday, May 21, 2020
Finding and keeping talent in the healthcare field provides unique challenges to human resource management (HRM) seeking to build a stable workforce. The practice of attracting potential employees and encouraging them to apply for positions with an organization is defined by human resource management as recruitment (Recruitment, n.d.). HRM understands that the development and maintenance of a workforce is built upon organizational recruitment. The stability of an organization relies on the ability of the recruiters and HRM to use the tools they have available to recruit the most highly skilled and talented professionals in the field to work for their company. Recruitment is vital in the success of organizations. Having the necessary talent to meet the demands of the organization depends upon the ability of HRM to attract, hire and retain professionals who have the needed skills. Longest Darr (2014) state that recruiting is dependent upon the special skills or training required for the open position. A job position requiring specialized skills or training such as in the health profession involves attracting applicants both internally and externally. Internally HRM can use job posting, promotion and transferring of existing staff (Longest Darr, 2014). Externally HRM recruiting at schools, job fairs, employment agencies and professional associations (Longest Darr, 2014). Longest et al. (2000) discussed acquisition as the activity that provides the organization with theShow MoreRelatedHuman Resource Management ( Hrm )1508 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Human resource management (HRM) is the managing of human skills and talents to make sure they are used effectively and in alignment with an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s goalsÃ¢â¬ (Youssef, 2012). The primary role of human resource management is to plan, develop, and order policies and programmers designed to make pr ompt use of an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s human resources. It is that part of management which is concerned with the people at work and with their relationship within an organization. I currently work for a HumanRead MoreHuman Resource Management ( Hrm )1552 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHuman Resource Management (HRM) is the function within an association that has emphases on the employment of, administration of, and providing direction for the employees within an organization. The Human Resource Management department members deliver knowledge, training, tools, administrative services, and lawful and organization advice. The HRM department is organized by very talented managers who has a mission to make sure the rest of the business has the needs for successful operation. HumanRead MoreHuman Resource Management ( Hrm )1562 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHuman resource management (HRM) is an important strategic and systematic approach that provides each company with the opportunity to create policies and practices, as well as to establish administrative forms (Pfeffer, 2007). According to Armstrong (2009) HRM is an approach that deals with Ã¢â¬Ëemployment, development, and well-being of the people working in organizationsÃ¢â¬â¢. However HRM has evolved significantly through the years due to the rapid social, economic, political and environmental changes.Read MoreHuman Resource Management ( Hrm )1142 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshe HRM Process Human Resource Management (HRM) is a combination of elements that work interdependently on each other to carry out the daily functions within an organization. Human Resources Management operates in several roles serving as a liaison between the organization and the employee. This dual role often present challenges within HRM; therefore it is vital the HRM Department is skilled on various issues that may arise on a daily basis within an organization. In this paper, I will discussRead MoreHuman Resource Management ( Hrm )1105 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHuman Resource Management (HRM) is the function within an association that has emphases on the employment of, administration of, and providing direction for the employees within an organization. The Human Resource Management department members deliver knowledge, training, tools, administrative services, and lawful and organization advice. The HRM department is organized by very talented managers who has a mission to make sure the rest o f the business has the needs for successful operation. HumanRead MoreHuman Resource Management : Hrm772 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesa brief description of the models of HRM discussed in the first chapter of the textbook, and explain how each one relates to strategic human resource management. Human Resource Management (HRM) at its best seeks to manage people and resources to maximize economic and social outputs. Social output resulting from providing opportunity for advancement will ultimately make employees become true participants in the company. Bratton and Gold (2012) outline six HRM models, they are: the Forbrum, TichyRead MoreHrm And The And Human Resource Management1094 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction The main purpose to write this essay is to analogize the differences in the field of HRM and IR. The Foundation of Industrial Relations and Human Resource Management is based on intense academic study. The essay is an endeavor to illustrate by scrutinizing their objectives and the viewpoints or the approaches of this field. The first part of the essay is an attempt to define HRM and IR and it further continues to explain the differences and similarities between the two. In the lastRead MoreHuman Resource Management ( Hrm )1405 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHuman Resource Management (HRM) seeks to manage people and resources to maximize economic and social outputs. Bratton and Gold (2012) outline six HRM models which include: the Forbrum, Tichy and Devanna model, the Harvard model, the Guest model, the Warwick model, The Storey model, and UlrichÃ¢â¬â¢s Strategic Partner model of HRM. Forbrum Tichy and Devanna model of HRM is based on the principle of selecting, appraising, developing and rewarding employees who fulfill management strategic business interestsRead MoreHuman Resource Management ( Hrm )2412 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pages these human traits can bring considerable benefits to organizationsÃ¢â¬ (Mullins 1999). However, when managed poorly they have the potential to limit organizational growth and threaten the viability of a business. Ã¢â¬Å"There are countless examples of corporate and project crises in the construction sector which have arisen as the result of people s behaviour, and it would seem that human resource management (HRM) has the potential to eliminate more construction risks than any other management approachÃ¢â¬ Read MoreHuman Resources Management ( Hrm ) Essay794 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Human Resources Management (HRM) is people who work in an organization. The manager is a person who manages people, leads, facilitates and provide tools for the organization. Human resources management also, sets strategic processes and procedures, run difficult and complex communication as the organization attracts the best talents from the recruiting process. Human resources management is where everything begins and ends for an individual and the organization. Consequently
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
To truly reflect on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own teaching, to collect information on what you do in the classroom and to think about why you do it, is not always an easy task or something that comes natural to all people. The process involves self-observation and self-evaluation, which at times can be very difficult to do and can be difficult to do correctly. However, if a teacher will take the time to continually practice reflective teaching, the teacher will be able to identify underlying beliefs, which can then lead to positive changes and improvements in his or her own teaching. Therefore, for me reflective teaching is my own personalized professional development. Before taking any grad classes and before being required to reflect on every fieldÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In addition to this, I learned that I tend to focus on identifying only what I perceive to be my faults and failures for each activity. However, by having to complete the required reflections, I now understand how impor tant it is to also give equal time to reflect on all of the things that went right in my activities, and I am able to do this. I have also learned that action research is a great way to begin the process of reflection. By just identifying a particular problem or an area of need that has arisen in my classroom, I can begin the process of reflective teaching and learn more about the way I am actually teaching. Plus, I have learned that while taking notes in the margins of my lesson plans was a good beginning to reflective teaching, it canÃ¢â¬â¢t end just there. I need to expand the ways I observe and record data, by using more peer observations, recording lessons, and obtaining student feedback. Once I have the information I need, I have learned that I need to spend much more time thinking and talking about it. Through careful reflection I will be able to notice patterns that are occurring in my teaching, as well as possibly notice things I was previously unaware of. Talking with ot hers will help me come up with more ideas on how to do things differently. Finally, perhaps the biggest thing I have learned is that reflective teaching is a very cyclical process. OnceShow MoreRelatedReflection Paper On Reflective Teaching758 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesReflection Paper: Reflective Teaching ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not easy for every person in the teaching filed to be a good and professional teacher without working hard on adjusting and being able to change and use different methods in teaching that they have not used. As a person who wants to be a great teacher in the future, I find that using different methods of teaching and being able to reflect on my teaching by trying new ways of teaching and getting feedback from my colleagues and my students are essential pointsRead MoreReflective Practice in the Classroom1629 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesReflective practice Ã¢â¬â A tool for learning Introduction/Rationale When something goes wrong or something unexpected happens during a lesson or activity, we ask ourselves questions such as, could I have done something to avoid it? These experiences usually make us grow and we learn from experience, and we will be better prepared to face the situation if it happened again. This introspection is generally called Ã¢â¬Å"reflectionÃ¢â¬ , and all professionals have adopted it in order to improve their practiceRead MoreThe Activity Of Doing Action Research Among Iranian Teachers1540 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesinterviewing with professional teachers, since reflection is an unfamiliar terminology among Iranian learners and teachers which has not been practically used yet. Thus, they can gain the best possible reflective and successful as well as practical and effective outcome. Teachers on the other hand have the responsibility of helping the students which could guide them to become better, autonomous learners through different procedures and ways of reflecti on. As the results which were investigated in advanceRead MoreDebriefing Simulation As A Reflective Tool1034 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDebriefing in the simulation as a reflective tool Simulation is one kind of reflective tool that widely use in nursing education. National League for Nursing (NLN) described that simulation was a teaching technique that encouraged students to use and apply their theoretical knowledge in clinical scenarios (2015). NLN (2015) also mentioned that Ã¢â¬Å"simulation engages learners with diverse perspectives to reflect and reframe the understanding of practice, bringing thinking and doing togetherÃ¢â¬ (p. 4)Read Morecomparing relevant theories principles and models of reflective practice965 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Comparing relevant theories, principles and models of reflective practice In this evaluation I will analyse and compare relevant theories, principles and models of reflective practice and explain how they relate to my practice and development. Reflective practice is an evolving concept. In the 1930s, John Dewey defined reflective thought as: Ã¢â¬ËActive, persistent, and careful consideration of any belief or supposed form of knowledge in the light of the grounds that support it and the furtherRead MoreReflective Reflection On Reflective Practice1332 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Reflective Practice in Special Education Using Action Research Sunny Suzanne West St. JosephÃ¢â¬â¢s University Course Title Ã¢â¬Æ' Abstract: Reflective Practices in Special Education Using Action Research Title and Link to Study: Promoting Reflective Practices in Special Education through Action Research: Recommendations from Pre-service Teachers; Paula Wenner Conroy http://journals.library.wisc.edu/index.php/networks Research Problem and Purpose of the Study: What is reflectiveRead MoreWhat Effective Practice Really Means1690 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn everyday life if we want to improve on something that we have done, we must be open to reflection, so that we can identify our strengths and weaknesses and find areas that can be improved on. As the GTCNI competence Framework states, Ã¢â¬Å"Teachers should keep curricular, subject and pedagogical knowledge up-to-date through reflection, self-study and collaboration with colleagues.Ã¢â¬ (Internet source 1) By taking this into consideration it is then evident that just like in everyday life, if teachersRead MoreReflection Of The Confucius A Chinese Philosopher s Saying Essay1604 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesReflective Practice I would like to start my essay by sharing the Confucius a Chinese philosopherÃ¢â¬â¢s saying: By three methods we may learn wisdom: first, by reflection, which is noblest; second, by imitation, which is easiest; and third by experience, which is the bitterest. Confucius (551 BC - 479 BC) Chinese Philosopher Definition of Reflective Practice: This practice is one of the oldest theory that experienced by ancient Greeks over 2500 years ago as a concept of intention in exploration of truthRead MoreReflection Of My Own Personal Development1637 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCoaching Literature, it has been established that reflection is a generic term for intellectual and effective activities, in which individuals examine their experiences, in order to develop new understanding and intrapersonal appreciation (Knowles, et al., 2006). Research in this field has advocated reflective practice as an approach to professional development which positively impacts coaching effectiveness (Cropley, et al., 2012). This reflective report shall discuss, analyse and evaluate my ownRead MoreReflective Practices and Health Care Essay1318 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn recent years, reflection and reflective practice have become well-known term with in the health care arena. They are words that have been debated and discussed with in the health care setting (Tony and Sue 2006). Reflective practice is essential for nurses, as nurses are responsible for providing care to the best of their ability to patients and their families (NMC, 2008). Reid (1993) states reflection is a process of reviewing an experience of practice in order to describe, analyse, evaluate
Christopher Lee Week 6 Portfolio BUSS 150, L. Fortune Bryant Stratton College February 20, 2013 Large number of couples living together among unmarried couples have brought a lot of issues and a lot decision making in Congress. Same sex marriage and extend Employment benefit to domestic partners have been hot topic for years. We will write a custom essay sample on PalioÃ¢â¬â¢s Ristorante or any similar topic only for you Order Now Base on heavy studies of unmarried committed partners there a law that determine the will of a person who die and that is the law of interstate. The result indicate that for some groups of unmarried committed partners, will studies may not adequately reflect the extent to which intestate decedants wish their partners to share in the estate. The statute of frauds is invoked by a defendant in a breach of contract action. If the defendant can establish that the contract he has failed to perform is legally unenforceable because it has not satisfied the requirement of the statute, then the defendant cannot be liable for its breach. For example, the written contract been a genuine prenuptial agreement, it would have been fine. It did exactly what a Ã¢â¬Å"pre-nupÃ¢â¬ is supposed to do, that is, it explained the terms of the agreement in specific, understandable language. However, it was not really a pre-nup, and that single fact gave the court pausehe statute of frauds will prevent the plaintiff from recovering thewhat a Ã¢â¬Å"pre-nupÃ¢â¬ is supposed to do, that is, it explained the terms of the agreement in specific, understandable language. The actual written agreement those satisfied all the requirments because services have been performed based upon a contract that is unenforceable because of the statute of frauds, the value of those services can nevertheless be recovered on the basis of quantum meruit, or the reasonable value of those services. Ã¢â¬Å"Shaping public policy is a complex and multifaceted process that involves the interplay of numerous individuals and interest groups competing and collaborating to influence policymakers to act in a particular way. These individuals and groups use a variety of tactics and tools to advance their aims, including advocating their positions publicly, attempting to educate supporters and opponents, and mobilizing allies on a particular issue. Ã¢â¬ (Wolf Robert) The Wilcox opinion extends to cohabitants the right to recover on written contracts. However, serious questions are left unanswered regarding the enforceability of oral agreements, whether recovery is permissible on implied contracts, and whether recovery by equitable means is possible. The principal would have make since in modern world because he probably never would have guessed that it would have legal ramifications long after his death. IÃ¢â¬â¢d be surprised if anyone could name social norms anymore. Ã¢â¬Å"NormalityÃ¢â¬ is being faught by the counter-culture, and with that goes society. Work Cited Law of Human Behavior, Vol 22(5) Oct 1988, 479-499 Wolf, Robert, Ã¢â¬Å"Definition of Policy Analysis How to cite PalioÃ¢â¬â¢s Ristorante, Papers PalioÃ¢â¬â¢s Ristorante Free Essays Christopher Lee Week 6 Portfolio BUSS 150, L. Fortune Bryant Stratton College February 20, 2013 Large number of couples living together among unmarried couples have brought a lot of issues and a lot decision making in Congress. Same sex marriage and extend Employment benefit to domestic partners have been hot topic for years. We will write a custom essay sample on PalioÃ¢â¬â¢s Ristorante or any similar topic only for you Order Now Base on heavy studies of unmarried committed partners there a law that determine the will of a person who die and that is the law of interstate. The result indicate that for some groups of unmarried committed partners, will studies may not adequately reflect the extent to which intestate decedants wish their partners to share in the estate. The statute of frauds is invoked by a defendant in a breach of contract action. If the defendant can establish that the contract he has failed to perform is legally unenforceable because it has not satisfied the requirement of the statute, then the defendant cannot be liable for its breach. For example, the written contract been a genuine prenuptial agreement, it would have been fine. It did exactly what a Ã¢â¬Å"pre-nupÃ¢â¬ is supposed to do, that is, it explained the terms of the agreement in specific, understandable language. However, it was not really a pre-nup, and that single fact gave the court pausehe statute of frauds will prevent the plaintiff from recovering thewhat a Ã¢â¬Å"pre-nupÃ¢â¬ is supposed to do, that is, it explained the terms of the agreement in specific, understandable language. The actual written agreement those satisfied all the requirments because services have been performed based upon a contract that is unenforceable because of the statute of frauds, the value of those services can nevertheless be recovered on the basis of quantum meruit, or the reasonable value of those services. Ã¢â¬Å"Shaping public policy is a complex and multifaceted process that involves the interplay of numerous individuals and interest groups competing and collaborating to influence policymakers to act in a particular way. These individuals and groups use a variety of tactics and tools to advance their aims, including advocating their positions publicly, attempting to educate supporters and opponents, and mobilizing allies on a particular issue. Ã¢â¬ (Wolf Robert) The Wilcox opinion extends to cohabitants the right to recover on written contracts. However, serious questions are left unanswered regarding the enforceability of oral agreements, whether recovery is permissible on implied contracts, and whether recovery by equitable means is possible. The principal would have make since in modern world because he probably never would have guessed that it would have legal ramifications long after his death. IÃ¢â¬â¢d be surprised if anyone could name social norms anymore. Ã¢â¬Å"NormalityÃ¢â¬ is being faught by the counter-culture, and with that goes society. Work Cited Law of Human Behavior, Vol 22(5) Oct 1988, 479-499 Wolf, Robert, Ã¢â¬Å"Definition of Policy Analysis How to cite PalioÃ¢â¬â¢s Ristorante, Essay examples
Sunday, April 26, 2020
The Contribution Of Etablishment Death And Births To Employment Growth I. Introduction The relatively recent development of longitudinal establishment datasets has generated quite a bit of excitement in both the academic and the statistical communities. From this literature, we have learned that there is a large amount of volatility at the individual establishment level that underlies the smooth time series of aggregate employment growth. The descriptive statistics coming out of this literature have not only stimulated the review and updating of existing labor market theories, but have also stimulated the U.S. statistical agencies to develop their administrative datasets in such a way so as to produce longitudinal job flow statistics. The purpose of this paper is to use a new longitudinal database from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) in order to examine how establishment births and deaths contribute to job creation, job destruction, and net employment growth at different frequencies of measurement. Despite all that we have learned about the labor market from the existing job flows literature, the conclusions that can be drawn from these studies are somewhat limited. First, almost all of the existing work using U.S. data has been restricted to the manufacturing sector. Recent work by several authors has illustrated how job creation and job destruction in manufacturing may not be representative of the entire U.S. economy. 1 A second limitation is that most of the existing empirical work on job flows, either by choice or by necessity, is based upon data that excludes the smallest establishments. 2 Since most establishment births and deaths are quite small, at least in the short run, we are thus unsure how these births and deaths influence employment growth. While data that focuses on large establishments will cover most employment, an analysis of job flows depends on the magnitude of employment flows at continuing establishments relative to the incidence and average size of establishment births and deaths. The longitudinal database introduced in this paper is not subject to either of these limitations. The microdata upon which this paper is based are the unemployment insurance reports that 1 The studies by Davis and Haltiwanger (1990, 1992), Davis, Haltiwanger, and Schuh (1993, 1996), and Dunne, Roberts and Samuelson (1988, 1989a, 1989b) have all used manufacturing data housed at the Center for Economic Studies at the U.S. Census Bureau. Recent work with unemployment insurance data by Anderson and Meyer (1994), Foote (1997), Lane, Stevens, and Burgess (1996), and Leonard (1987) has looked at other sectors of the economy. 2 Small plants with less than five employees are not in the sample frame of the Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM) data used by Davis, Haltiwanger, and Schuh (1996); these plants represent about one-third of all plants and about 4 to 7 percent of employment. Using the Census of Manufactures, Dunne, Roberts and Samuelson (1989a) exclude manufacturing plants with less than 5 employees; these excluded plants account for between 30 and 40 percent of all plants but represent only one percent of employment. The firm sample used by Anderson and Meyer (1994) includes only firms with at least 50 employees; this sample accounts for 83 percent of employment. Bibliography References Anderson, Patricia M. and Bruce D. Meyer. 1994. ?The Extent and Consequences of Job Turnover.? Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, pp. 177-236. Audretsch, David B. and Talat Mahmood. 1994. ?The Rate of Hazard Confronting New Firms and Plants in U.S. Manufacturing.? Review of Industrial Organization, pp. 41-56. Baldwin, John R. and Paul K. Gorecki. 1989. ?Measuring Firm Entry and Exit With Panel Data.? Proceedings of the Statistics Canada Symposium on Analysis of Data in Time. Baldwin, John R. and Paul K. Gorecki. 1991. ?Firm Entry and Exit in the Canadian Manufacturing Sector, 1970-1982.? Canadian Journal of Economics, pp. 300-323. Boeri, Tito. 1996. ?Is Job Turnover Countercyclical Journal of Labor Economics, pp. 603-625. Boeri, Tito and Lutz Bellmann. 1995. ?Post-entry Behaviour and the Cycle: Evidence from Germany.? International Journal of Industrial Organization, pp. 483-500. Boeri, Tito and Ulrich Cramer. 1992. ?Employment Growth, Incumbents, and Entrants.? International Journal of Industrial Organization, pp. 545-565. Br?derl, Josef and Rudolf Sch?ssler. 1990. ?Organizational Mortality: The Liabilities of Newness and Adolescence.? Administrative Science Quarterly, pp. 530-547. Br?derl, Josef, Peter Preisend?rfer, and Rolf Ziegler. 1992. ?Survival Chances of Newly Founded Business Organizations.? American Sociological Review, pp. 227-242. Davis, Steven J. and John C. Haltiwanger. 1990. ?Gross Job Creation and Destruction: Microeconomic Evidence and Macroeconomic Implications.? NBER Macroeconomics Annual, pp. 123-168. Davis, Steven J. and John C. Haltiwanger. 1992. ?Gross Job Creation, Gross Job Destruction, and Employment Reallocation.? Quarterly Journal of Economics, pp. 819-863. Davis, Steven J. and John
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Israel Palestine Conflict Introduction The world history is characterized by various conflicts which are caused by various issues of social, political or either economic origin. The conflict between Israel and Palestine is a major one especially due to the fact that it has been in existence for a long time. It is complicated as it emanates from many factors such as control of Jerusalem, border disputes, security, freedom of movement of Palestinians, water rights and settlement of Israel, to name just a few.Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on Israel Palestine Conflict specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The conflict is an issue of international concern due to the fact that it has resulted to a lot of violence. In consequential, various actions have been taken especially against the parties concerned but little has been realized from the same. The problem became worse after the Oslo peace records collapsed in September 2002. There may have been many factors that may have led to the failure of Oslo, but most studies illustrate that culture played a great role in the same. This is due to the fact that it influences the preferences and the strategies of various political leaders, determines domestic politics as well as affects the perception, behavior and intentions of the parties involved (Finkelstein pp. 127). The conflict is wide and multifaceted and therefore, this paper shall discuss more about the problem, its history, causes, as well as various measures that have been taken to curb the problem. In addition, the paper shall also cite some viable solutions to the problem. History of the Palestine Israeli conflict As highlighted in the introductory part, the conflict has been in existence for a long time. Moreover, it has been taking place in different phases and each phase has been characterized by different events. For instance, towards the end of the nineteenth century up to 1917, the main conflict that existed was cau sed by Arabs who were in the Ottoman Empire. On the same note, it is important to mention that most of conflicts and dispute by then had not reached a national level as they were religiously influenced. From the early twentieth century to the mid twentieth century, the region which was known as Palestine was being ruled by the British. During that particular time, the conflict which was known as Jewish Arab conflict resulted from the dispute of the land of Palestine. Therefore, the conflict was mainly a land issue by then (Finkelstein pp. 170). The next phase of the conflict ranged from the year 1948 to the year 1967-a phase that was marked by the time the state of Israel was declared and the time the six days war took place. By then, the region was divided in to three political regions; West Bank under the control of Jordan, Gaza Strip under the Egyptian rule and lastly the State of Israel. From the year 1967 to the year 1993, both Israel and Palestine was being ruled by the state of Israel.Advertising Looking for term paper on international relations? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, afterwards, State of Israel coexisted together with Palestinian Authority. The period between the beginning of the 2nd Intifada and the year 2005 was marked by the arresting operations conducted by Israel in West Bank. From the year 2005, Israel withdrew from Gaza Strip and as a result, the Hams took control over the region after wining the election. Currently, both parties believe that the other party is not interested in ending the conflict but on going on with the conflict. The issue of Jerusalem continues to be disputed because Palestine claims part of the city while Israel believes that the city should not be subdivided. Since Palestine has been violent against Israel, it is considered as a terrorist not by Israel but also by other states like United States. Consequently, for security purposes Israel has allowed other nations to come to its rescue. Palestine has been violent not only in Israel but also against other countries. For example, Europeans and Americans have been victims of the Palestinian military attacks. Therefore, there are many issues that characterized the conflict and most of the major causes are political in nature. Having gotten an over view of the history of the conflict, it is important to look at the major causes of the conflict. However, before then, it is important to mention that conflict has been marked revolts, disputes, wars, and uprisings to name just a few (Harms and Ferry pp. 100). Some Underlying causes of the Palestine- Israeli Conflict Although there are many causes of the conflict culture has played a great role and it can be considered as the underlying factor. Studies indicate the presumed origin of each country is also an important contributory factor to the conflict. For example, Palestinians suppose that Israel came about due to crimes wh ich were committed by Hitler. Therefore, they believe that they are not supposed to shoulder the responsibility that was as a result of the Western colonial era. Additionally, Palestinians view themselves as victims of the Nkaba which took part in the year 1948 and 1949 and they have continued to harbor bitterness especially due to the loss that was incurred during that particular period. Ã Palestine continues to hold Israel responsible for the loss and have much trouble with the stand of Israel of not allowing the refugee from Palestine to return back to their homeland (Congressional Quarterly, inc pp. 240). Religion, which is part of culture, has a vital role to play not only as the source of the conflict but also an obstacle to various negotiation processes. Nonetheless, the region has got only there religions which include Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. Since Jerusalem city is significant to the three religions, conflict arises since both countries seek to retain Jerusalem for religious purposes. Palestine has been claiming all the parts of Jerusalem that were not initially part of Israel before 1967.Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on Israel Palestine Conflict specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More United States proposed a plan which was aimed at resolving the Jerusalem conflict in the year 2000 and 2001. The plan had proposed that the Jewish parts of the city were to be retained by Israel while the Arab parts were to be retained by Palestine.Ã Even if both countries had accepted the proposal, the summit failed and the conflict was not resolved (Burge pp. 120). Ethnicity in reference to Palestine and Israel contributes to the conflict greatly and hinders some attempts aimed at resolving the same conflict. Israel consists mainly of Jews while Palestinians consist mainly of Arabs and the two ethnic groups have got different political views and principles. For example, Palestinians belie ve that they have suffered greatly from Israel violent attacks and continue to be victims up to date. On the other hand, study of the history illustrates that Arabs from Palestine have been conducting various violent attacks not only in Israel but also in other places especially after the establishment of Oslo records. Palestinians believe that they only get involved in wars as a result of IsraeliÃ¢â¬â¢s aggression (Lerner pp. 128). Steps that have been taken to resolve the Conflict Given that there are many initiatives that have been taken; the paper shall only discuss the major ones. To begin with, the popularly known OSLO records took place in the year 1993. It was instituted by both Palestinian and Israel leaders. Arafat recognized that Israel had the right to exist and therefore, to bring about peace, the country was supposed to stop controlling some of the Palestine territories. However, the two parties failed to reach an agreement and did not achieve their initial objective . Camp David Summit is yet another proposal that was convened by the United States president by the name Bill Clinton. Although the offer of the president was meant to favor both states, it was rejected and even after that, Arafat did not come up with any other proposal. Although United States was pushing for a proposal to end the conflict, the proposal which was developed was not appreciated by the members concerned. The Road Map for Peace is yet another initiative by Russia, United States and United Nations but was not successful. Finally, there is the Peace Initiative which was established in the year 2002. It proposed solutions to the conflict and has been both supported and criticized by the concerned leaders (Congressional Quarterly, inc pp. 120). Conclusion and Recomendations Study has indicated that despite the fact that the conflict is an international concern, it might persist unless appropriate solutions are sought.Ã It is not possible to underestimate the contribution of various programs and summits that have been established.Advertising Looking for term paper on international relations? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Nevertheless, it is important to take into consideration the cultural contribution to the conflict since various studies have demonstrated that ethos contributes greatly to the same. Each party has got its own society beliefs that are a major hindrance to resolving the conflict. Any peace mission should be aimed at changing the beliefs of every society especially concerning the goals of the conflict. Therefore, cultural beliefs ought to be changed to focus mainly on peace building. Lastly, it is important to create a change that will allow for establishment of trust, respect as well as sensitivity of each partyÃ¢â¬â¢s needs.Ã Such a step is very vital as it can give room for negotiation which can eventually lead to reconciliation. Burge, Gary M. Whose land? whose promise?: what Christians are not being told about Israel and the Palestinians . Cleveland : 2003, Pilgrim Press. Print. Congressional Quarterly, inc. The Middle East. Washington: CQ Press, 2007. Print. Finkelstein, N orman G. Image and reality of the Israel-Palestine conflict. New York : Verso , 2003. Print. Harms, Gregory and Todd M. Ferry. The Palestine-Israel conflict: a basic introduction. London : Pluto Press , 2008. Print. Lerner, Michael. Healing Israel/Palestine: a path to peace and reconciliation. Berkeley: North Atlantic Books, 2003. Print.
Monday, March 2, 2020
Learn About the Applications of Fiberglass Composites The use of fiberglass started during the Second World War. Polyester resin was invented in 1935. Its potential was recognized, but finding a suitable reinforcing material proved elusive Ã¢â¬â even palm fronds were tried. Then, glass fibers which had been invented in the early 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s by Russel Games Slaytor and used for glass wool home insulation, were successfully combined with the resin to make a durable composite. Although it was not the first modern composite material (Bakelite - cloth reinforced phenolic resin was the first), glass reinforced plastic (Ã¢â¬ËGRPÃ¢â¬â¢) quickly grew into a worldwide industry. By the early 1940s, fiberglass laminates were being produced. The first amateur use Ã¢â¬â the building of a small dinghy was in Ohio was in 1942. Early Wartime Use of Glass Fiber As a new technology, resin and glass production volumes were relatively low and as a composite, its engineering characteristics were not well understood. Nevertheless, its advantages over other materials, for specific uses, were apparent. Wartime metal supply difficulties focused on GRP as an alternative. Initial applications were to protect radar equipment (Radomes), and as ducting, for example, airplane engine nacelles. In 1945, the material was used for the aft fuselage skin of the US Vultee B-15 trainer. Its first use of fiberglass in main airframe construction was that of a Spitfire in England, though it never went into production. Modern Uses Almost 2 million tons a year of the unsaturated polyester resin (Ã¢â¬ËUPRÃ¢â¬â¢) component are produced worldwide, and its widespread use is based on a number of features besides its relatively low cost: low technology fabricationdurabilityhigh flexing tolerancemoderate/high strength/weight ratiocorrosion resistanceimpact resistance Aviation and Aerospace GRP is used extensively in aviation and aerospace though it is not widely used for primary airframe construction, as there are alternative materials which better suit the applications. Typical GRP applications are engine cowlings, luggage racks, instrument enclosures, bulkheads, ducting, storage bins and antenna enclosures. It is also widely used in ground-handling equipment. Automotive For those who love automobiles, the 1953 model Chevrolet Corvette was the first production car to have a fiberglass body. As a body material, GRP has never succeeded against metal for large production volumes. However, fiberglass has a big presence in the replacement body parts, custom and kit auto markets. Tooling costs are relatively low as compared with metal press assemblies and ideally, suit smaller markets. Boats and Marine Since that first dinghy in 1942, this is an area where fiberglass is supreme. Its properties are ideally suited to boat building. Although there were problems with water absorption, modern resins are more resilient, and the composites continue to dominate the marine industry. In fact, without GRP, boat ownership would never have reached the levels it has today, as other construction methods are simply too expensive for volume production and not amenable to automation. Electronics GRP is widely used for circuit board manufacture (PCBs) Ã¢â¬â there is probably one within six feet of you now. TVs, radios, computers, cellphones Ã¢â¬â GRP holds our electronic world together. Home Almost every home has GRP somewhere Ã¢â¬â whether in a bathtub or a shower tray. Other applications include furniture and spa tubs. Leisure How much GRP do you think there is in Disneyland? The cars on the rides, the towers, the castles Ã¢â¬â so much of it is based on fiberglass. Even your local fun park probably has water slides made from the composite. And then the health club Ã¢â¬â do you ever sit in a Jacuzzi? ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s probably GRP as well. Medical Because of its low porosity, non-staining, and hard wearing finish, GRP is ideally suited to medical applications, from instrument enclosures to X-ray beds (where X-ray transparency is important). Projects Most people who tackle DIY projects have used fiberglass at one time or another. It is readily available in hardware stores, easy to use (with a few health precautions to be taken), and can provide a really practical and professional looking finish. Wind Energy Building 100Ã¢â¬â¢ wind turbine blades is a major growth area for this versatile composite, and with wind energy a massive factor in the energy supply equation, its use is certain to continue to grow. Summary GRP is all around us, and its unique characteristics will ensure that it remains one of the most versatile and easy to use composites for many years to come.